Waste management in academia

If the environment has occupied a tiny and belated place for researchers of geography, the trend has changed in recent years, as work academics and degrees focused on the environment are on the rise. Even though diplomas oriented towards this field amounted to less than twenty diplomas, only 7% for the Earth and Life Sciences, the environment is the set of living biotic factors likely to have effects on other living beings, especially humans. Universities in their scientific fields (Earth Sciences, Biology), Literary (Geography) and Law / Economics offer training courses focused on the environment.

What do you learn by studying waste management?

The study of waste helps understand how people live and carry out their vital functions (consumption, diet, health) and cultural (leisure, various activities), or professional. This is not divination: by studying the trash cans, we can establish trends in behavior, based on typologies carried out on the basis of analyzes of contents of garbage cans carried out over several years.

Such analysis is somewhat similar to other fields of study which aim to study the relationships that men had with their waste from one society to another. But how do you define the word waste?

The variety of household waste

First, appeared in the 14th century, the word “waste” comes etymologically from the verb “to decline” and expresses a general notion of depreciation. Common usage qualifies waste as a rejected product because without recognized possibility of use; dumped in the trash and left in the dumpster as garbage, it is intended for disappearance by burial in a landfill or by cremation, destruction in an incineration plant in the manner of a corpse.

A product qualifies as waste only from the moment it is deposited in the trash, i.e. from the moment its market value or social ceases to exist. This is the result of a loss of use.
It is also appropriate to note the various definitions of this term which are listed in dictionaries, such as “decrease in quantity or value (there is waste in the melting of the currency) or what is lost in the use of a material (meat waste, wasteo).

In 1972, the dictionary gave an unclear definition of the meaning of this word: “discredit, decrease”. Another definition of 1988 states “what falls from a material we work on, waste wool. Loss, part irrecoverable of something: fruit crates where there is waste. No one morally and physically degraded, a waste of humanity “. These definitions have given the term “waste” a pejorative connotation that also conveys the term “junk” and the idea that we have of waste is fundamentally negative: it is something that no longer serves any purpose, that encumbers.

Pluralized, waste is defined as follows: “debris, food scraps that are unfit for consumption or use (throw waste in the trash); materials rejected as not of immediate value or left as residue from a process or operation. Non-combustible and unnecessary products from metabolism of living cells, intended either to be rejected (carbon dioxide, excreta, urine, sweat …), or, especially in plants, to be accumulated separately general circulation (latex, oleoresins, alkaloids, etc.) ”. Dictionaries certainly define this term, nevertheless the definitions provided are hardly explicit.

Chicago pollution from construction sites

water pollutionAs Chicago and the surrounding areas continue to suffer from problems associated with aging water lines, increased flooding, and stormwater pollution, the construction, finance, and real estate must get their act together to save the local environment.

The Chicago government safeguards environmental quality, consistent with the social and economic needs of the State, so as to protect health, welfare, property and the quality of life in the region.

Recently workers pumped a slurry of water and sediment into the Chicago River from the construction site at 110 N. Wacker Drive. Manganese pollution in the Southeast Side yards prompted new concerns with the dangers that all construction sites in the city can bring to the people’s health.

Water pollution is another problem from construction sites, and it is caused by the run-off of debris, dirt, diesel, oil, paints, and other harmful chemicals into the drains if in an urban site, or into a local waterway if the construction site is more rural.

Chicago’s unusual wastewater disposal history was conditioned by the location of the city at the juncture of Lake Michigan and the Chicago River. Initially, the city used the lake to supply water and to dispose of wastes. Beginning in the 1850s on an informal basis, and in 1871 on a formal basis, Chicago flushed its wastewater into the Lake. The Chicago River, which was once a polluted eyesore, saw its fortunes improve significantly at the turn of the 20th century when engineers reversed its flow to send pollution away from Lake Michigan and into smaller streams.

The Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, historically known as the Chicago Drainage Canal, is a 28-mile-long canal system that connects the Chicago River to the Des Plaines River. It reverses the direction of the Main Stem and the South Branch of the Chicago River, which now flows out of Lake Michigan rather than into it.

Water pollution illegally dumped from the Metropolitan Water Reclamation District’s three sewage treatment plants and combined sewer overflow pipes has created a plume of harmful impacts stretching from Chicago all the way to the Gulf of Mexico, according to notice of a suit delivered to the MWRD.

Four companies have been sued for allegedly violating water pollution laws after workers were caught on social media pumping filthy water from a Wacker Drive construction site directly into the river.

The Trump International Hotel and Tower is a skyscraper condo-hotel in downtown Chicago, Illinois.The building, named after businessman and current U.S. President Donald Trump, was designed by architect Adrian Smith of Skidmore, Owings and Merrill. Even such a landmark has created controversy recently due to the way their are reportedly not paying attention to how they pollute their surroundings this the mismanagement of their waste.

But Chicago pollution is on the radar screen of the local government and it you are living there or plan on moving there, you should not be too worried as things are not as bad as this article makes them sound. Lake Michigan is a huge water reserve next to the city, and it helps preserving the environment. You can even get a flat overlloking the lake with a great view, if you use the services of a quality local Chicago agent with a good supply of luxurious properties.